Sightings – Mushrooms and Fungi

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 8/15/18

Observation Time: 12:15 p.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary

Common Name: Amanita mushroom

Scientific Name: Amanita sp.

Comments: The genus of this mushroom is probably Amanita, but it’s hard to say which of the numerous species of Amanita this is. Mushrooms of the genus Amanita account for most mushroom-related deaths.

More information: MushroomExpert.com

Observer: Kurt Buermann

Observation Date: 7/14/13

Observation Time: 11:00 a.m.

Observation Location: backyard

Common Name: Bondarzewia

Scientific Name: Bondarzewia berkeleyi

Comments: This was growing on an old oak stump. Very large, 2 ft long clusters. It grew very quickly, over a day or so. This is not chicken-of-the-woods, but is edible if gathered when very young.

More Information: MushroomExpert.com

Bondarzewia

 

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/7/20

Observation Time: 5:45 p.m.

Observation Location: conservation land near Lakeview & Morse

Common Name: Brittle Gill Mushroom

Scientific Name: Russula pulchra

Comments: Wikipedia lists an enormous number of Russula species, so I am not certain of this identification.

More Information: Mushroom Expert

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/7/20

Observation Time: 5:40 p.m.

Observation Location: conservation land near Lakeview & Morse

Common Name: Chicken of the Woods

Scientific Name: Laetiporus sulphureus

Comments: These relatively small specimens were growing on a dead oak tree. Chicken of the Woods can grow to very large size. They are edible, but it is wise to refrain from eating any wild-harvested food unless you are absolutely sure it is not poisonous. As the saying goes, everything is edible – at least once!

More Information: Wikipedia

Observer: Hana Jenner

Observation Date: 6/9/19

Observation Time: 2:20 p.m.

Observation Location: on a log beside a trail near Brook Road

Common Name: Crown-tipped Coral Fungus

Scientific Name: Artomyces pyxidatus

Comments: This is one of the few coral fungi found on decaying wood. The crown-like tips of the branches are unlike those of any of the other coral fungi, thus making this species relatively easy to identify.

More Information: University of Arkansas mushroom species list

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/30/10

Observation Time: 6:10 p.m.

Observation Location: Gavins Pond Road

Common Name: Fly Agaric mushroom

Scientific Name: Amanita muscaria

Comments: Mushrooms of the genus Amanita account for most mushroom-related deaths. See: http://www.a1b2c3.com/drugs/var012.htm

Fly Agaric Mushroom

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/26/12

Observation Time: 2:05 p.m.

Observation Location: Near the train station tennis courts by Beaver Brook

Common Name: Honey Mushroom

Scientific Name: Armillaria mellea

Comments: Honey mushrooms are a plant pathogen and cause Armillaria root rot in many plant species. They appear around the base of trees they have infected. The symptoms of infection appear in the crowns of infected trees as discolored foliage, reduced growth, dieback of the branches and death. The mushrooms are edible but some people may be intolerant to them. This species is capable of producing light via bioluminescence in its mycelium.

Armillaria mellea is widely distributed in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The fruit body or mushroom, commonly known as stump mushroom, stumpie, honey mushroom, pipinky or pinky, grows typically on hardwoods but may be found around and on other living and dead wood or in open areas.

More Information: Wikipedia

Honey Mushrooms

Honey Mushrooms

Honey Mushrooms

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 10/17/10

Observation Time: 10:00 a.m.

Observation Location: 4 Gavins Pond Road

Common Name: Lingzhi mushroom

Scientific Name: Ganoderma tsugae

Comments: This mushroom specimen was growing in the tamarack (larch) grove in my back yard. It is probably growing on a root, as it was growing on the ground right next to a big tamarack tree. Since tamaracks are coniferous, this specimen is presumably Ganoderma tsugae, rather than Ganoderma lucidum, which grows on deciduous trees.

Apparently, these mushrooms are valued for their medicinal properties.

More Information: Cornell Mushroom Blog

Lingzhi Mushroom

Observer: Constance Keegan

Observation Date: 10/1/10

Observation Time: Daytime

Observation Location: By a large oak tree in my yard on Moosehill Pkwy

Common Name: Maitake mushroom

Scientific Name: Grifola frondosa

Comments: Also called “hen of the woods,” G. frondosa should not be confused with Laetiporus sulphureus, another edible bracket fungus that is commonly called “chicken of the woods.” Like all polypores, the fungus becomes inedible when older, because it is then too tough to eat.

More Information: Wikipedia

Maitake

Observer: Lonnie Friedman

Observation Date: 5/30/20

Observation Time: 5:00 pm

Observation Location: near Gavins Pond

Common Name: Oyster Mushroom

Scientific Name: Pleurotus ostreatus 

Comments: This oyster mushroom was growing on a log. I believe it to be edible, but I did not dare test that hypothesis!

More Information: Wikipedia

Here’s the first photo taken 5/30/20:

To confirm the identification, I returned the following afternoon and took these photos to show the “gills” on the underside of the mushrooms:

Top view, photographed on 5/31/20 at around 1:15 pm:

Observer: Josh Simons

Observation Date: 9/9/20

Observation Time: 11:00 a.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill area

Common Name: Parasol mushroom

Scientific Name: Macrolepiota procera

Comments: iNaturalist says this is a parasol mushroom. I thought they had rounded caps, but I do see some flat tops when googling. This was large – maybe 5″ to 6″ in diameter. Very pretty.

More Information: Mushroom-Collecting.com

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/9/12

Observation Time: 2:50 p.m.

Observation Location: Sandy Ridge Circle

Common Name: Pigskin Poison Puffball

Scientific Name: Scleroderma citrinum

Comments: Also known as “common earthball,” this yellow-white spherical fungus has no stem. It eventually bursts open to release spores.

More Information: Common Earthball

Pigskin Poison Puffball

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 6/13/20

Observation Time: 5:55 p.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary

Common Name: Platterful Mushroom

Scientific Name: Megacollybia rodmani

Comments: Platterful mushrooms appear after May and June rains. It had rained heavily two days earlier. This one was growing on a rotting log beside the trail.

More Information: Mushroomexpert.com

Top view:

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/20/15

Observation Time: 4:20 p.m.

Observation Location: Lake Massapoag (near boat ramp)

Common Name: Puffball mushroom

Scientific Name: Genus: Calvatia, Bovista and others

Comments: There are many kinds of puffballs. Some are edible and some are poisonous.

More Information: eattheplanet.org

Observer: Lonnie Friedman

Observation Date: 7/11/20

Observation Time: 3:20 p.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary

Common Name: Red Chanterelle Mushroom

Scientific Name: Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Comments: Red chanterelles are fungi native to eastern North America. They are members of the genus Cantharellus along with other chanterelles. They are named after their red color, which is imparted by the carotenoid canthaxanthin. They are edible, fruiting in association with hardwood trees in the summer and fall.

It looks like something was chewing on the red chanterelles in these photos. It is a bad idea to ingest wild mushrooms unless you are absolutely certain you know what your are eating, because many mushrooms are poisonous.

More Information: iNaturalist

Observer: Kurt Buermann

Observation Date: 7/30/2017

Observation Time: N/A

Observation Location: Rattlesnake Hill, Sharon

Common Name: Red Chanterelle mushroom (a.k.a. Cinnabar Chanterelle mushroom)

Scientific Name: Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Comments: Sought after edible mushroom with slight peppery taste and slight apricot aroma.

DON’T EAT WILD MUSHROOMS UNLESS YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY SURE THEY ARE NOT POISONOUS!

More Information: The Mushroom Forager

Observer: Josh Simons

Observation Date: 9/17/20

Observation Time: 3:00 p.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill area

Common Name: Ringless Honey Mushroom

Scientific Name: Armillaria tabescens

Comments: These ringless mushrooms extended almost all the way around the tree.

WARNING: This is NOT a beginner’s mushroom. Never eat any wild plant unless you are 100% sure that you have identified an edible species.

More Information: The Foraged Foodie

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/9/12

Observation Time: 3:10 p.m.

Observation Location: Sandy Ridge Circle

Common Name: Russula mushroom

Scientific Name: Russula spp.

Comments: I don’t know which species of Russula this specimen happens to be.

More Information: Wikipedia

Russula Mushroom

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/22/13

Observation Time: 2:20 p.m.

Observation Location: King Phillip’s Rock area

Common Name: Sulphur Shelf Mushroom

Scientific Name: Laetiporus sulphureus

Comments: Sulphur shelf mushrooms are reportedly edible, but never eat a mushroom you find in the woods unless you are absolutely sure it is not poisonous. More pictures of sulphur shelf mushrooms can be seen at: http://hicksroad.com/html/stumpfun.htm.

More Information: Wikipedia

Sulphur Shelf Mushroom

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 5/13/19

Observation Time: 11:10 a.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary

Common Name: Turkey-tail Fungus

Scientific Name: Trametes versicolor

Comments: This could also be false turkey-tail lichen. I neglected to inspect the underside to see if it had pores.

More Information: Edible Wild Food

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 5/30/10

Observation Time: 4:00 p.m.

Observation Location: Moose Hill Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary

Common Name: Violet toothed polypore

Scientific Name: Trichaptum biforme

Comments: Tree fungus growing on a dead tree. The specimens in this photo are past their prime. Younger specimens exhibit a violet fringe that gives this fungus its name. See http://www.flickr.com/photos/ophis/3067412819/

More Information: InsectImages

Violet toothed polypore

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 9/9/12

Observation Time: 3:00 p.m.

Observation Location: Sandy Ridge Circle

Common Name: Viscid Violet Cort mushroom

Scientific Name: Cortinarius iodes

Comments: This striking violet mushroom has a watery sheen.

More Information: American Mushrooms

Viscid Violet Cort Mushroom

Viscid Violet Cort Mushroom

Viscid Violet Cort Mushroom

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 6/23/19

Observation Time: 11:30 a.m.

Observation Location: Botanical Trail

Common Name: Witch’s Butter Fungus

Scientific Name: Tremella mesenterica

Comments: Although the species appears to be growing on wood, it is actually a parasite on the (usually hidden) mycelium of a crust fungus.

More Information: MushoomExpert.com

Observer: Paul Lauenstein

Observation Date: 7/13/19

Observation Time: 11:30 a.m.

Observation Location: near footbridge over Beaver Brook

Common Name: Yellow Patches Mushroom

Scientific Name: Amanita flavoconia

Comments: Amanita flavoconia, commonly known as yellow patches, yellow wart, orange Amanita, or yellow-dust Amanita, is a species of mushroom in the family Amanitaceae. It has an orangish-yellow cap with yellowish-orange patches or warts, a yellowish-orange annulus, and a white to orange stem. Common and widespread throughout eastern North America, Amanita flavoconia grows on the ground in broad-leaved and mixed forests, especially in mycorrhizal association with hemlock.

Mushrooms of the genus Amanita account for most mushroom-related deaths.

More information: iNaturalist